robert  franklin  stroud

 


fb/alcatrazhistory

Seattle 28 gennaio 1890 – Springfield 21 novembre 1963

 

 

Psychiatric Summary for Robert Stroud
aka "
The Birdman of Alcatraz"

 

 

Psychiatric Summary of STROUD, ROBERT, 594-AZ.
January 7, 1943

 

Age 53. Male. White. Single. Received at McNeil Island in 1909, to serve 12 years for Manslaughter in Alaska. Transferred to Leavenworth in 1912. In 1916 was sentenced to DEATH for MURDER of a Custodial Officer. This was later commuted to LIFE. Transferred to Alcatraz December 19, 1942.

Prenatal

Father died at 74. Mother died at 78, Ca Womb.

Natal

Born in Seattle, Jan 28, 1890. Normal birth.

Preschool

He was the third of four children. Raised by parents who seperated when subject was 12. He stayed with mother.

School

He attended school until 12, reached 3rd grade.

Occupational

He left home at 13 and traveled about rather aimlessly until age of 17 when he went to Alaska where he worked irregularly for about a year when he killed a man who had stayed all night with a woman for whom Stroud was pimping, and the paid he on $2.00 of a usual $10.00 fee. Stroud admits killing a man there but says it was a justifiable homicide etc. He received a 12 year sentence at Mc Neil Island and while there assaulted another Inmate for which he received a sentence of 6 months to run consecutively. Then he was transferred to Leavenworth where he killed an Officer whom he claims was threatening him with a club etc. Since that time he has been kept in segregation where he was allowed to raise birds for sale and operate a laboratory for the study of bird diseases etc. He claims ignorance of the reasons for his transfer here.

Physical

He is well nourished and looks well. Ht 6'3"[?] Wt 183#. There is a history of an Appendectomy and Renal calcules. He has Pneumonia two yars ago. Complains of constipation and "sluggish kidneys". He has Defective Vision and defective hearing. Has reading glasses. He denies use fo drugs and has no needle scars. Heart action normal. Lungs clear. Wasserman negative.

Mental

He is properly oriented and in good contact. He is alert and shows no memory defect of disturbance of consciousness. His intellectual development is above the avrage inspite of limited formal schooling. Has learned much about bird diseases and the propogation of birds. Has written a book on this subject. He blames Mr. Hunter and Mr. Shuttleworth for his transfer here which he suspects was done to prevent publication of his book etc. Denies he holds any resentment however. Expresses no delusions and there is no evidence that he has hallucinated. He is quite proud of his attainments and the "good" he has done by his laboratory investigations. He is rather introspective and gives much thought to his own body functions. He is not psychotic.

Diagnosis

Psychopathic personality of Superior Intelligence. IQ 112
Romney M. Ritchey [Surgeon?] USPHS

www.notfrisco2.com/alcatraz/documents/npsy594.html

 

     

www.alcatrazhistory.com/stroud.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Stroud

www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=996

 

pet - therapy

... ben nota e singolare vicenda del pluriomicida Robert Stroud, ergastolano rinchiuso dal 1942 nel penitenziario di Alcatraz (California), in regime di isolamento, senza alcuna possibilità di contatto con gli altri reclusi, a causa della sua indole violenta e sanguinaria. Un giorno lo Stroud, durante l’ora d’aria nel cortile che gli era stato riservato, rinvenne sul selciato un passerotto agonizzante. Raccolto, se ne prese cura, riuscendo a salvarlo. In seguito chiese ed ottenne di poter allevare in cella alcuni canarini e, da quel momento, Stroud subì una vera e propria metamorfosi. Quell’uomo rude ed attaccabrighe, autentica belva umana, si trasformò – quasi d’incanto – in un tenero ed appassionato cultore della biologia degli uccelli, sino a divenire in pochi anni, un “birdman” di fama internazionale. Particolarmente versato nello studio della patologia degli uccelli da gabbia e del canarino in particolare,  Stroud diede alle stampe due trattati concernenti questa materia: “Stroud’s digest of bird diseases” e “Diseases of  Canaries”. Tali pubblicazioni, in considerazione dell’origine autodidatta del loro estensore, hanno del prodigioso, per la ricchezza di nozioni scientifiche contenute e la ferrea logica sperimentale con cui l’autore va alla ricerca di nuovi rimedi per le più ricorrenti affezioni morbose dei volatili da gabbia; in un’epoca in cui la stessa scienza veterinaria ufficiale, poteva ben poco nella cura dei volatili ornamentali.

Robert Stroud morì il 21 novembre 1963 nel penitenziario di Alcatraz all’età di 73 anni, dopo che i suoi trattati di ornitopatologia avevano fatto il giro del mondo, divenendo a quei tempi dei preziosi classici della materia. La strabiliante storia di Robert Stroud venne immortalata su celluloide dal regista John Frankeimer nel film: “L’uomo di Alcatraz” ...

utenti.multimania.it

 

Un giorno il detenuto, durante l’ora d’aria nel cortile che gli era stato riservato, rinvenne un pullus di Passero sul selciato, infreddolito e quasi morente. Lo raccolse, se ne prese cura, riuscendo a salvarlo e farlo crescere. In seguito chiese ed ottenne dalla direzione del penitenziario, di allevare in cella alcune coppie di Canarino e, da quel momento Stroud manifestò una vera e propria metamorfosi. Quell’uomo rude e sanguinario si trasformò – quasi d’incanto – in un tenero ed appassionato cultore della biologia degli uccelli, sino a diventare in pochi anni un “ birdman “ di fama mondiale ! Particolarmente versato allo studio ed alle osservazioni scientifiche sulle patologie degli uccelli da gabbia, Stroud diede alle stampe – da autentico autodidatta – due trattati di ornitopatologia: “ Diseases of Canaries “ e “ Stroud’s digest of bird diseases “. Robert Stroud morì nel penitenziario di Alcatraz il 21 novembre 1963, all’età di 73 anni, dopo aver passato in cella di isolamento ben cinquantatre anni della sua vita, confortato solo dalla grande passione per il mondo dei volatili e dalla loro allegra, multiforme e multicolore vicinanza.
ciaopet.com  
canarini.it

Alcatraz dopo trent'anni anni dalla sua chiusura e  diventato un paradiso per i volatili - un santuario per i pennuti che resero celebre la prigione e il suo piu' illustre inquilino. Robert Stroud, l' ergastolano che da un semplice amore per i canarini fu contagiato al punto da diventare una delle massime autorita' ornitologiche mondiali .
corriere.it  - 1993



Initially, Stroud had a close relationship with his mother. She helped him with legal proceedings on many occasions, even managing to elicit sympathy from the president over her son's death sentence. Stroud kept busy with his bird enterprise and had numerous bird-loving pen-pals. He started a regular correspondence with a woman named Della Mae Jones, a bird researcher, resulting in her move to Kansas in 1931 and starting a business with Stroud, selling his medicines. Stroud's mother strongly disapproved of the relationship and moved away from the Leavenworth area. She also argued against her son's application for parole, which became a major obstacle in his attempts to be released from the prison system. 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Stroud


 

 

 

 

 

 

1962

Birdman of Alcatraz is based on the story of Robert Stroud, a lifer who turned to the study of birds to pass the time while in prison. Though based on a true story, the movie takes a number of liberties with the facts, and as is often the case, the fictional aspect detract rather than add to the presentation.

prisonflicks.com

 

 

 

 

birdman of alcatraz

Far south of the southernmost suburbs is the town of Metropolis whose Masonic Cemetery (R.R. #2) received the remains of Robert Stroud (1890-1963), the legendary "Birdman of Alcatraz." A pimp convicted for murder in Juneau, Alaska, Stroud was to spend 12 years imprisoned on McNeil Island for his crime, but was transferred to Leavenworth after attacking an orderly. There, just five years later, he stabbed a guard to death and was sentenced to be hanged. While he waited on death row, Stroud petitioned Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, begging for a lesser punishment. A week before his execution date, he was re-sentenced to life in prison.

With no chance of parole, Stroud had nothing but time, and he put it to good use. At Leavenworth, the convict had rescued a sickly bird, keeping it as a pet in his cell. Though this practice was not uncommon, Stroud's interest in his feathered friend grew into an obsession, and he eventually took in some 300 birds, caring for them in several cells that were allotted him by the prison administration. Far from an eccentric interest, Stroud's work with his birds was serious business. After engaging in formal research, the Birdman wrote two books: Stroud's Digest on the Diseases of Birds and Diseases of Canaries.

In 1942, Stroud was transferred to isolation in the notorious "D" block on Alcatraz, where his birds were barred. In these new surroundings, Stroud became sullen and angry, inspiring fellow inmates to frequent violence. After ten years, the Birdman decided on a new project; he began to write the story of his life. Remarkably, Stroud's manuscript was published only a year after its completion, and Hollywood went wild for the story.

Stroud never saw his story played out on the silver screen. Like the chirping chums of his younger days, The Birdman of Alcatraz, with Burt Lancaster playing the title role, was banned from the infamous island, its subject left to a few more years of lonely reflection. He died in a prison hospital in 1963.

adena.com

 

 

             

Originally published in 1933. The author was well known as "The Bird Man of Alcatraz." He wrote this book while serving a life sentence. A comprehensive work containing much information on: - Anatomy - Feeding - Feeding Experiments - Insects and Parasites - The Moult - Injuries - Septic Fever - Septicemia - Necrosis - Diarrhoea - Aspergillosis - Bacteriology - Pathogenic Organisms - Drugs etc. Keywords: Pathogenic Organisms Life Sentence Bird Man Aspergillosis Septicemia Bacteriology Diarrhoea Alcatraz Necrosis Parasites Insects Anatomy Fever Drugs
amazon.com

January 28, 1890 - Robert 'The Birdman' Stroud (594-AZ) is born Seattle, Washington. He killed a man in Alaska and later murdered a guard at Leavenworth where he also did all of his bird observations. He had no birds on Alcatraz where he was isolated for six years in D-Block segregation, and another 11 in the hospital. He died in Springfield prison in 1963.
fb/alcatrazisland - 2015

www.alcatrazhistory.com/stroud.htm

www.coopertoons.com/merryhistory/robertstroud/birdman.html

 

 

 

Who's who on Alcatraz

The most complete media coverage to be accorded an Alcatraz inmate was given to Robert Franklin Stroud. He was to gain world wide attention and notoriety as the Birdman of Alcatraz, regardless of the fact he was not permitted to continue his avian studies during his 17 years on the island.

Following incarceration in USP McNeil Island, where he was sentenced to 12 years for manslaughter in 1909, Stroud was transferred to Leavenworth after serving only three years. A history of violence dictated the move, and Stroud had been in Leavenworth less than four years when he attacked and killed a custodial officer in front of better than 2,000 other inmates. His trial resulted in the death sentence, but was commuted to life after his mother requested the intervention of President Wilson. Stroud's hostile and sometimes violent nature left prison administrators no choice but to keep him away from other inmates and officers, and prison officials interpreted this to mean he should spend the remainder of his life in segregation of some sort.

The keeping of birds and the studying of avian diseases gained international attention for Stroud, but it was also to figure prominently in his ultimate transfer to Alcatraz. He began to openly violate prison rules and regulations in favor of continuing his experiments and communications with bird breeders and fanciers around the world. Stroud was literally packed up and moved out in the middle of the night, with his destination being San Francisco. Arriving on Alcatraz in 1942, he was to enjoy the company of fellow inmates within the confines of D Block until there occurred a change in administration with the retirement of Warden James Johnston and the arrival of Warden Ed Swope. The enigmatic Swope was not to be challenged in any way by Robert Stroud and immediately moved him into a private room in the prison's hospital.

...

 

www.nps.gov/museum/exhibits

 

alcatraz per i nativi americani  significava  pellicano 

che viveva in colonie su quest'isola

rotten.com

alcatrazalumniassoc.org

 

Robert Stroud will always be remembered because he made great achievements in ornithology. He made a contribution to society because he never gave up. He learned to live and love in the most deplorable of circumstances and can teach us all a lesson in hope.
moviejustice.com

 

http://youtu.be/IkuLuNpsr98

http://youtu.be/evB5BX02X6A

 

 

 

 

CHIUSURA  DI ALCATRAZ THE ROCK - 1963

Ha ispirato registi e scrittori e ospitato i criminali più pericolosi d'America. Alcatraz, il carcere simbolo, famoso per la disciplina ferrea e le celle anguste, ma anche per il buon cibo che veniva servito ai detenuti per evitare che scoppiassero rivolte, chiudeva i battenti 50 anni fa. "The rock", la roccia in mezzo al mare di San Francisco, da cui è stato possibile anche fuggire (su 1500 carcerati 36 hanno provato a evadere, ma solo in 5 riuscirono a farcela) è - dal 21 marzo 1963 - una delle mete turistiche più battute della California. Nata come prigione militare, dal 1934 divenne carcere federale di massima sicurezza e dopo circa 30 anni chiuse per i costi di gestione troppo alti.

larepubblica.it - 2013   -   ingrandisci

 

ROBERT STROUD, MOST COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE 'BIRD MAN OF ALCATRAZ' NEVER KEPT BIRDS WHILE HE WAS ON 'THE ROCK'. HOLLYWOOD SOMETIMES STRAYS FROM THE FACTS. HE WROTE 2 BOOKS ON THE AILMENTS OF BIRDS WHILE SERVING TIME IN LEAVENWORTH PRISON.
ALCATRAZ WAS A HARDCORE FEDERAL PENITENTARY AND KEEPING ANY KIND OF PET OR CARRYING OUT
ANY KIND OF RESEARCH WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN ALLOWED. HE ALSO DID EXTENSIVE STUDIES ON THE AMERICAN PENAL SYSTEM, AGAIN AT LEAVENWORTH, NOT ALCATRAZ.
AMID MUCH HOOPLA ABOUT HIS RELEASE, HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTER IN SPRINGFIELD, MO IN 1959. HE DIED THERE IN 1963, HAVING SPENT 56 OF HIS 76 YEARS IN PRISON, MOST OF THOSE YEARS IN SOLITARY CONFINMENT.
wiki.answers.com

Robert Stroud aka The Birdman of Alcatraz
ALTHOUGH BETTER KNOWN TO MOVIE GOERS AS A MILD-MANNERED AND HUMANE INDIVIDUAL WHO CARED FOR BIRDS WHILE IN PRISON, ROBERT STROUD WAS IN FACT A
BRUTALLY VIOLENT MAN WHO WAS ORIGINALLY SENT TO PRISON AFTER BEING CONVICTED OF MANSLAUGHTER. WHAT'S MORE, HIS WORK WITH CANARIES THAT LED TO THE MAKING OF THE MOVIE BIRDMAN OF ALCATRAZ WAS ACTUALLY CONDUCTED WHILE HE WAS INCARCERATED AT LEAVENWORTH FEDERAL PENITENTIARY IN KANSAS; HE WAS NEVER ALLOWED TO KEEP BIRDS WHILE INCARCERATED AT ALCATRAZ.
IN 1909, STROUD BRUTALLY MURDERED A BARTENDER WHO HAD ALLEGEDLY FAILED TO PAY A PROSTITUTE FOR WHOM STROUD WAS PIMPING IN ALASKA. CONVICTED OF MANSLAUGHTER IN 1911, HE WAS SENT TO MCNEIL ISLAND FEDERAL PENITENTIARY IN WASHINGTON TO SERVE HIS SENTENCE. AN UNSOCIAL AND VIOLENT INMATE, HE ONCE ASSAULTED A HOSPITAL ORDERLY WHOM HE ACCUSED OF REPORTING HIM TO PRISON OFFICIALS FOR ATTEMPTING TO PROCURE NARCOTICS. ON ANOTHER OCCASION HE STABBED A FELLOW INMATE.

After receiving an additional six-month sentence for his actions at McNeil, Stroud was transferred to Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary in Kansas. In 1916, after being refused a visit with his brother, Stroud stabbed a guard to death.          He was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to death for this crime, but pleas from his mother eventually convinced President Woodrow Wilson to commute his sentence to life imprisonment without parole.       Because of Stroud's violent tendencies, Leavenworth Warden T.W. Morgan directed that Stroud be permanently placed in the segregation unit, where he would spend the next thirty years.
It was while living in solitary that Stroud first became interested in birds -- supposedly after finding an injured bird in the recreation yard and nursing it back to health. Warden Morgan allowed Stroud to breed birds and maintain a lab inside two adjoining segregation cells because he felt that such activity would provide for a productive use of his time.          By raising some 300 birds in his cells and carefully studying their habits and physiology, Stroud was able to author two books on canaries and their diseases -- Diseases of Canaries and Stroud's Digest on the Diseases of Birds.      Stroud's privileges were eventually curtailed, however, after prison officials discovered that some of the equipment he had requested for his research was actually being used to construct a still.
In 1942, Stroud was transferred to Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary in San Francisco Bay, California, where he spent the next seventeen years.       For a number of reasons, including Stroud's misappropriation of "research equipment" while at Leavenworth,
he was never allowed to keep birds while at Alcatraz.          In 1959 he was transferred to the Medical Center for Federal Prisoners in Springfield, Missouri, where he died of natural causes on November 21, 1963.
Stroud was never permitted to see the movie in which he was portrayed by Burt Lancaster, who was nominated for the Best Actor Oscar.
robinsonlibrary.com - alcatraz101.com
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Stroud

 

 

 

 

 

 

On this day in Alcatraz history, December 19th 1942, "The Birdman" Robert Stroud arrived on Alcatraz Island. He had spent the previous 33 years of his life sentence at USP Leavenworth before serving time on Alcatraz. He earned the "Birdman" moniker at Leavenworth for having kept pet canaries in his cell, and even authoring the book "Stroud's Digest on the Diseases of Birds" based on his study of his canaries.
Stroud spent 17 years on Alcatraz island, but was never allowed to keep birds in his cell. He spent 11 years in a solitary cell in the Alcatraz hospital (pictured) where he turned to writing a 2000-page history and analysis of the American penal system. 40 years later, his writing was recently published as an e-book titled "Looking Outward: A Voice from the Grave."
- SES - fb/alcatrazisland -
19.12.2014

 

 

 

 

l'uomo di alcatraz   .pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birdman_of_Alcatraz

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Stroud

http://murderpedia.org/male.S/s/stroud-robert.htm

www.filmmonthly.com/video_and_dvd/birdman_of_alcatraz.html

www.alcatrazhistory.com

facebook.com/pages/Alcatraz-History

 

 

 

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